True fruits can be described as those fruits which develop from mature and ripened ovary bud do not consist of the thalamus or any other floral part. True fruits form from the ovary of the flower after fertilization. True fruits can be simple, aggregate or composite. True fruit is also referred to as Eucarp.
Examples Of True Fruit
Types Of True Fruit
- Berry, which has a fleshy ovary and one to many seeds e.g Blueberry and Kiwifruit
- Drupe, which has a fleshy ovary and a stone-like center. Example: Cherry
- Hespiridium, a kind of berry with a leathery exterior. Example: Lemon.
- Pepo, a kind of berry with a hard rind. Example: watermelon.
Characteristics Of True Fruit
- Develops from the mature and ripened ovary.
- The fertilized ovary is the main part of the plant involved in formation of the fruit.
- True fruit is also referred to as
- They are formed after fertilization.
- The true fruits with a fleshy fruit contain one or many seeds.
- True fruit can be simple fruits, aggregate fruits or multiple fruits.
- True fruits are made up of two parts, that is, the seed and pericarp.
False fruit can be described as fruits which do not develop from the ovary but some adjacent tissues exterior to the carpel. Parts of the plant involved in fruit formation are floral parts such as, base or receptacle, thalamus, calyx, penducle and perianth. False fruit is also referred to as Pseudo fruit or pseudo carp.
Examples of False Fruit
- Jack fruit
Types Of False Fruit
- Pome, in which the ovary is enclosed in a fleshy floral tube: Example: Pear.
- Syconium, in which the whole flower ripens into a hollow fruit. Example: Fig.
- Aggregate accessory fruit. For example, what you may think of as ‘seeds’ on a strawberry are actually individual fruits and the strawberry itself is accessory tissue.
Characteristic Of False Fruit
- The fruit develops from the floral parts other than the ovary.
- Parts of the plant involved in fruit formation are floral parts such as thalamus, penducle and perianth.
- False fruit is also referred to as Pseudo-carp or accessory fruit.
- They are formed without fertilization.
- False fruit are Parthenocarpic in nature and therefore do not contain seeds.
Similarities Between True And False Fruit
- Both true and false fruit can be either eaten raw or cooked.
- Both types of fruits contain different nutritional compositions.
- True fruit and false fruit have a fleshy part.
- False fruit and true fruit develop in angiosperm.
Difference Between True And False Fruit In Tabular Form
|BASIS OF COMPARISON||TRUE FRUIT||FALSE FRUIT|
|Development||Develops from the mature and ripened ovary.||The fruit develops from the floral parts other than the ovary.|
|Parts Involved In Fruit Formation||The fertilized ovary is the main part of the plant involved in formation of the fruit.||Parts of the plant involved in fruit formation are floral parts such as thalamus, penducle and perianth.|
|Alternative Name||True fruit is also referred to as Eucarp.||False fruit is also referred to as Pseudo-carp or accessory fruit.|
|Fertilization||They are formed after fertilization.||They are formed without fertilization.|
|Seeds||The true fruits with a fleshy fruit contain one or many seeds.||False fruit are Parthenocarpic in nature and therefore do not contain seeds.|
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